How to make a good dissertation

To do a good dissertation, dealing with a subject properly, it is not enough to write well: it is necessary to expand your knowledge of the world so that your repertoire is broad and you can master the proposed themes. At this point, the most important thing is constant training.

Basic guidelines

According to GRADCHEM, disserting consists in the act of systematically exposing, orally or in writing, some subject. This type of writing is usually requested in almost all current selection processes.

In general, the requested essay-argumentative text intends to evaluate, in addition to the candidate’s written linguistic competence, his cultural repertoire, his worldview, thus requiring a consistent position in relation to the presented theme.


If requested in the race instructions, the title cannot be forgotten. It should be inspired by the content of the text and not the theme.


The ideal is to “skip” a line between the title and the beginning of the text. If there is no title, you should start writing on the first line. The traditional space at the beginning of the paragraphs must be respected, with the lines being occupied entirely.

Dimensions (mm)

The size of the essay may be indicated in the test instructions and the student must obey it, but, if there are no instructions in this regard, the text should be between 25 and 30 lines, as this size is sufficient to support a good dissertation.

The length of the paragraphs depends on what you want to analyze in them, regardless of whether it is an introductory, argumentative or conclusive paragraph. The difference in size from any paragraph to another should not be so great, so that there is no asymmetry, so that the text appears uniformly structured. In general, this type of text is constructed between four and six paragraphs.

The periods must have a size limitation, as it is clear that very long periods can lead to errors in agreement, punctuation and clarity errors.

Tips for a good dissertation

It is advisable to avoid the use of the first person singular, in view of the content of the dissertation, which is similar to journalistic work or scientific work. The plural first person can be used, as long as it does not denote subjectivity, but in a collective tone, in expressions such as “our society”, “our planet” etc.


The ideal language for the dissertation is the so-called journalistic: objective, informative, the one in which the referential function predominates. The use of slang, foreign language, acronyms and abbreviations should be avoided, although there are circumstances in which employment is possible, depending on the medium in which the text will circulate and the type of interlocutor.

Suitability to gender

The student must be attentive to the textual genre proposed for the execution of the test, in which the essay-argumentative text predominates, similar to the opinion article genre.

Suitability to the theme

All ideas conveyed in the text must converge to the development of the theme and be relevant to it, so it is of fundamental importance to understand it before starting to outline the text project.

good dissertation

Structure: introduction, development, conclusion

The essay text is basically divided into three parts:

  • Introduction– in which the theme and the position defended by the author on the issue (thesis) are presented to the reader;
  • Development– in which the author develops the theme, defending, through solid argumentation and logical reasoning, his position (thesis);
  • Conclusion– the closing of the text, which can summarize the main ideas discussed, confirming the thesis, or present a solution proposal for the topic under discussion.