Before entering fully into the meaning of the term dehiscence, it is necessary to discover its etymological origin. In this case, we can state that it is a word that derives from Latin, exactly from “dehiscens, dehiscentis”, which can be translated as “that opens”. And that, in turn, comes from the verb “dehiscere”, which is synonymous with “open”.
The notion of dehiscence is used in medicine and botany. In the first case, it refers to an inconvenience in the repair of a wound after a surgical intervention.
Dehiscence, in this setting, means that the affected tissues separate again. This means that the wound opens and bleeds, causing inflammation, pain and fever.
There are several causes that can cause the dehiscence of a wound. Many times this disorder is linked to problems with the skin ‘s collagen. An infection, diabetes, obesity, a trauma produced on the wound after the intervention or a poorly performed suture can also lead to dehiscence.
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The use of corticosteroids in high doses, a deficiency of vitamin C and even the existence of pressure on the suture are other situations that can lead to dehiscence.
There are also a number of factors that increase a person’s risk of suture dehiscence. We are referring to age, smoking, having diabetes, not following the instructions of your doctors or having a diet that is not balanced or complete.
Before the appearance of the dehiscence, the treatment can include a new suture and the provision of antibiotics for prophylaxis. Changing the gauze that covers the wound and leaving the injury exposed to air for a certain time can also be part of the treatment.
Botany, on the other hand, appeals to the concept of dehiscence to refer to the natural opening of the pericarp of a fruit or the anthers of a flower to enable the exit of a seed or pollen.
Dehiscence, in this sense, occurs spontaneously when a plant structure reaches maturity and must proceed to release its content. In the case of fruits, dehiscence occurs in dry fruits and can develop in different ways depending on how the opening of the carpel takes place. The dehiscence of the anthers, on the other hand, is produced by the endothecium.
In the same way it is essential that we know the existence of what is known as suture dehiscence. Under this term is what it is that the tissues, which had been joined by means of the relevant suture, have become unglued due to a technical failure. This situation brings with it not only that they are separated but also that the organic content that they have “leaks” and that a really serious situation arises for the patient in question.
Usually this type of dehiscence occurs in relation to what are the genital and intestinal apparatus, especially.