The etymology of skull leads us to calvaria, a Latin word that can be translated as “skull”. The group formed by all the bones that make up the head while they are united, although without skin or meat on them, is called a skull.
For example: “Yesterday I found a cow skull in grandfather’s field”, “Investigators found three human skulls in the basement of the house”, “I am going to tattoo a skull on my right arm”.
The skull of a human being is made up of twenty-eight bones that have the function of protecting the sensory organs and the brain and of allowing the development of the chewing process. Of that total of bones, only the jaw is mobile.
It is possible to differentiate between the bones of the skull (occipital, parietal, temporal, frontal, sphenoid and ethmoid), the bones of the middle ear (the stapes, the incus and the hammer) and the bones of the face (mandible, palatine, vomer and others). All of these bones make up the structure of the skull.
It should be noted that the skull is used as a symbol in different contexts. When it appears on a dark background and crossed by two bones, it is an emblem of pirates. The skull can also be used to warn about some type of danger (such as the toxicity of a substance or the risk of being electrocuted when touching a certain element) or to represent death.
In colloquial language, a man who lives partying is called a skull, is a libertine and has different vices: “When I was young I was a skull, but I changed when I got married”, “Skull does not scream: if now your head hurts from drunkenness last night, don’t complain ”.
According to DigoPaul, it is known by the name of the skull of a weakling to a candy that is made in the shape of a human skull, using various raw materials. The main ingredient in this recipe is cane sugar, which is normally used without coloring, although some decide to add a small amount of vanilla. In general, the skull is made in one piece and is decorated with some vegetable dye that gives it a certain movement, to contrast with the color of the base.
Although there is a great variety, the fundamental design consists of making the skull in white and the decorations in red, yellow, blue or green. Metallic glossy paper is also applied to them and the name of someone whom the creator deems is usually written on the forehead of the skull, be it a member of his family or a very close friend.
Perhaps the most curious feature of this custom is not the shape or appearance of the candy, but the fact that not everyone eats it, since it is common to keep it for a few days and then discard it intact.
In addition to the ingredients mentioned above, the recipe has evolved to include dried fruits, amaranth seeds and chocolate among the available options. In the same way, nowadays they are made of clay and sold; These toys consist of two concave parts that must be joined to complete the figure, although the jaw is also usually separated.
With the help of a piece of thread that passes through the skull, passing through a series of holes, it is possible to “animate” it, pulling it so that the mouth opens and closes, something that produces a very particular sound. The colors of these toys are more contrasting and striking than those of the candy.
It is tradition to buy one of these toys and give it to a loved one. Its origins go back to the Day of the Dead, in Mexico, where children asked to be given these little skulls.