Thus Is The Panorama of The 4 G in Spain, His Coverage and Latest News

Despite how much we are looking to speak about 5 G from the MWC, to the 4g still has a tour at least until 2020 with continuous improvements that will make it more interesting and improving performance and higher speeds with developments such as the of the 4 G + that can now be enjoyed if you qualify to do so.

The 4G has come to respond to users who demand higher quality of mobile internet access improving both the latency, that will help our smartphone is much more agile attending our consultations to internet (required for online games), as well as in the speed Download and upload.

Factors affecting the speed of 4G

Far from enviable theoretical speeds reached in conditions optimal that operators often sell whenever they present a new advance on your network such as 4 G +, the actual speed and quality that users will enjoy will be conditioned in addition by the availability of 4G coverage in an area determined by the following:

  • The frequency band in which the 4 G is deployed: the Interior quality and scope will be much better in the 800 MHz band which will be available from April as it can cover up to 5 Km with a single antenna while the 1800 and 2600 MHz bands. they are more effective in cities with highest population density.

In Spain, Movistar, Vodafone and Orange have spectrum at the trialogue while Only Telstra licensed in 1800 MHz Although there is speculation that it could be done with some 2,600 band left after the mergers of ONO and Jazztel while which dismissed the band of 800 in the last auction. Other MVNOs include spectrum but currently none have given any use.

Also should be aware that to qualify for the 4 G in all his bands not only will be necessary that the network is operating at these frequencies if not our Smartphone will also have to have LTE in these bands as they are most of the current mobile though it is an aspect that must be given greater consideration when buying a mobile phone for Chinese brands.

  • The dedicated to the 4G spectrum: the maximum speed you can achieve will depend on the MHz that dedicated each operator to the 4 G and is that regardless of all that are available, they should also distribute it among users of 2 G and 3 G for which the number of users for each technology in each operator will influence the theoretical maximum speed. In this sense, Movistar at the moment not has been able to devote so much spectrum to 4 G like Vodafone and Orange by what will reach somewhat lower maximum speeds.

The available spectrum and the bands also used will depend on the availability of 4 G + Since the evolution of technology allows the frequencies of the different bands to be added to increase the total speed in what is known as Carrier Aggregation. For this reason, Telstra can not offer 4 G +, at least while not available more spectrum or reach any agreement with other operators. On the other hand, Movistar, Vodafone and Orange have already begun to upgrade their networks to 4 G + in the most populated cities.

To take advantage of the 4 G + again we will need that network is updated in the area where we are and make our smartphone compatible. There is where we must take into account the category mobile LTE where we find with speeds up to Cat. 3 (100/50 Mbps), Cat 4 (150/50 Mbps), Cat 6 (300/50 Mbps), Cat 7 (300/100 Mbps), Cat 9 (450/50 Mbps) or Cat 10 (450/100 Mbps).

  • Other aspects that influence the actual speed of the 4G to finally be reached will depend of the number of connected users at the same time and the ability of the antenna to not suffer a bottleneck Depending on whether is fed by fiber optics or radio links. With all this, the users reached in 2014 an real average speed of between 15 and 25 Mbps, being Spain, the country that has the faster 4G world networks and Vodafone, which has the fastest network so far.

In addition, to access the 4G not only it will be necessary to have coverage and a mobile phone that supports it, if not expected to have a compatible SIM card (as they are the majority of the current SIM and all micro and nano SIM) and a rate compatible. In this aspect we find that rates prepaid Movistar and Orange do not have 4G at the moment as well as many MVNOs that have not still reach an agreement with your network provider. Only Pepephone and Jazztel already have 4G While Tuenti and ONO will benefit soon from it although we will keep you informed in the list of MVNOs with 4G.

Details display 4G and 4 G + in Spain

Movistar Vodafone Orange Yoigo
4G frequencies 10 800 MHz
10 MHz in 1800
20 MHz in 2,600
10 800 MHz
15 MHz in 1800
20 MHz in 2,600
10 800 MHz
15 MHz in 1800
20 MHz in 2,600
15 MHz in 1800
Availability Contract (5/9/2013)
Prepaid (not available)
Contract (27/5/2013)
Prepaid (27/3/2014)
Contract (7/8/2013)
Prepaid (18/10/2015)
Contract (18/3/2013)
Prepaid (3/11/2014)
Maximum theoretical speed 4G 75 Mbps download
25 Mbps uploads
150 Mbps download
50 Mbps uploads
150 Mbps download
50 Mbps uploads
75 Mbps download
25 Mbps uploads
Populations with 4G ? 00 (March 2016)
83% population
2,800 (may 2016)
94% population
1,300 (April 2016)
87% population
1.163 (may 2016)
85% population
Maximum theoretical speed 4 G + 375 Mbps with 800 MHz
225 Mbps without 800 MHz
400 Mbps with 800 MHz
300 Mbps without 800 MHz
400 Mbps with 800 MHz
300 Mbps without 800 MHz
Not available
MVNOs with 4G Pepephone
ONO Jazztel
ION mobile

Cities with 4G coverage

Although not all operators offer information about the deployment of their 4G networks with the same detail, let’s try to compile all the cities where there is LTE coverage then. Any contribution will be grateful.